The watchword for data-savvy companies these days is digital transformation, and for many, that directive is synonymous with "move to the cloud." Cloud service providers have grown into $40 billion giants, and every strategic plan includes the word migrate.
Yet, about 70 percent of companies' applications and data remain very firmly on the ground—on premises, sitting in enterprise data centers. In other words, the vast majority of data is not in the cloud, no matter what each company's strategy says, which is creating a constant tension between the imagined need for full migration and the fact that some things might be better left on premises.
"The lighter apps have moved to the cloud. Web, email—those are perfect for the public cloud because they are well understood and have a different set of security requirements," says Keith White, senior vice president and general manager for HPE GreenLake Cloud Services commercial business. "But what about medical records for hospitals? Electronic medical records is a huge investment made by hospitals and healthcare systems, and many organizations require the data to stay in a private, highly secure, on-premises facility. Because of that, most organizations host IT data both on premises and in the cloud."
The good news is that this tension is increasingly unnecessary, because there's a new way to manage data that allows companies to achieve the benefits of the cloud regardless of where their apps and data live. In other words, now you can choose not to choose.
With many companies stuck a fraction of the way to full cloud migration, it's clear that the typical data management binary—using cloud services vs. maintaining on-premises data centers—leaves a demand for those who want to benefit from aspects of both. Enter the edge-to-cloud platform, a new kind of cloud experience that combines the advantages of cloud, edge, and local data centers, creating a kind of "cloud that comes to you."
To be more specific, edge-to-cloud platforms give you nearby data infrastructure that offers both the security and cost management of on-prem plus the major advantages of the cloud: a self-service interface, the ability to pay only for what you use, and third-party management that eliminates the ownership burden.
"I can't afford to go to the cloud for everything I do. I need something closer by," says Adam Drobot, a veteran technologist and chairman of the board of OpenTechWorks. "If it's closer, the question then is: Is this something I want to own, or do I want a vendor who provides this to me as infrastructure I can use?"
There's a fast-growing ecosystem of alternatives, with the HPE GreenLake edge-to-cloud platform pioneering in this area. With these solutions and services, companies can choose to keep some of their applications and data in the public cloud and maintain others at the edge using infrastructure that they don't need to own or maintain.
"There's a natural hierarchy of applications," explains Drobot, referring to the way that companies can benefit from combining cloud and edge in a single data management system. "One way of structuring it is to ask, 'What's the time scale I have to perform this? And what's my risk of performing it in this place vs. that place? Do I compute and then send information, or do I send information and then compute?' It's a simple engineering trade-off, and for many things, common sense means doing stuff close to the place where you need it."
A number of considerations should inform your decision about where to keep applications and data. Here are a few things companies should think about when contemplating the question of cloud vs. owned data centers vs. the edge:
Edge-to-cloud platforms are here to stay and likely to play an increasing role in enterprise data management in coming years.
"I predict incredible growth in this area over the next two to three decades," says Drobot. "Overall, what's being delivered is so powerful that it really helps."
An edge-to-cloud platform incorporates many of the factors that have made the cloud experience so popular: ease-of-use, the ability to scale up and down instantly, a pay-as-you-go arrangement, and third-party management. But like traditional on-premises data management, it also provides the option for local control, enhanced security, and heavy-duty computing power.
"The myth of today is that it's a binary equation: We either leave it alone or we move it to the public cloud," says White. "We say there's a third choice: You can choose not to choose. You can stay and go."